Causes and effective treatment of eczema on the face

Published At: 24 December 2019 , 02:29 PM

Eczematous foci can be localized on different areas of the body, but they are most noticeable on the face - because it is always open. This creates additional discomfort for patients, since the symptoms of an acute skin reaction look unattractive and, despite the lack of risk of infection, can be misunderstood by others. Therefore, it is essential to know why eczema occurs on the face and what to do to get rid of it.

Causes 

Eczema is a disease characterized by inflammatory changes in the skin; according to modern concepts, it has a neuroallergic genesis, and although the exact aetiology, or cause of development, has not been clarified, factors such as Hereditary predisposition to atopy (excessive production of immunoglobulins, or class E antibodies (IgE)). Diseases of the nervous, endocrine, digestive system. Infections Injuries. Intestinal dysbiosis. Allergy. Immunodeficiency. Stress.

Eczema on the face can be triggered by contact with irritants: chemicals bacterial and fungal agents; toxins (including microbial); medicines; food products; physical factors: heat, cold, friction.

Substances that cause a skin reaction can be allergens or nonspecific irritants - that is, the mechanism for the development of symptoms not associated with immune sensitivity. They enter the body (with food, medicine, from foci of chronic infection) or act externally - directly on the face. 

Classification 

Eczema, whose symptoms localized on the skin of the face, can occur in different ways and manifest in such forms as True (idiopathic). Microbial. Seborrheic. Herpetiform. In a small child, a childhood form of eczema can be observed in the face. According to the nature of the course, the stages of the disease are distinguished: acute (the phenomena of a bright inflammatory process prevail: edema, redness, exudation, that is, the accumulation of serous fluid; the duration of the preservation of symptoms is up to 2 months); subacute (there is a tightening of the skin and strengthening of its pattern, redness, and peeling); chronic (there are foci of de- and hyperpigmentation, excessive keratinization, a lot of scales). With relapse, that is, an exacerbation of the pathological process, vivid signs of inflammation again appear.

Symptoms

 Eczema is a disease that has been observed for a long time, sometimes for decades, and characterized by relapses (exacerbations). The period of subsidence of the symptoms is usually called remission. If you manage to make it as long as possible with the help of therapeutic measures, you can talk about objective recovery. What features does skin lesion have? Consider the primary forms of eczema in more detail.

Treatment 

Even if the inflammation affects only the area of ​​the face, a complex therapeutic effect on the whole organism as a whole is required. Otherwise, a stable result and, accordingly, remission cannot be achieved.