Facial redness: diagnosis and treatment

Published At: 21 January 2020 , 03:05 PM

Redness of the face (hyperemia)  is a  partial change in the color of the skin of the face, which can have an inflammatory character and painful sensations. It often worries both women and men, can accompany them all their lives, or occasionally appear and pass. Some fashionistas believe that redness is good because you do not need to use blush. Still, the cause of the symptom may be not just shyness, a sharp change in temperature, prolonged exposure to the sun, but various diseases and allergies.

The symptom manifested by staining of spots, a small part of the face, or all skin in burgundy, red, and light pink shades. This is because the blood vessels in the upper subcutaneous layer expand and begin to appear through. Supplements can be a rash, itching, peeling, irritation, burning, and pain. 

In some, redness may appear as sprigs of blood vessels. Such a violation of blood circulation in the surface layers of the skin due to the sharp expansion of small capillaries is called rosacea (red mesh).

Causes

All factors of facial redness divided into exogenous (environmental sources) and endogenous (problems within the body).

The most common causes of facial flushing:

cold air, temperature drop, frost, ultraviolet radiation, dust, poor ecology;

injuries, burns;

bacterial, fungal and viral infections;

cosmetics, peeling, face cleansing, laser procedures, saunas, chemicals;

improper skincare and washing with too cold or hot water; 

drinking alcohol, hot drinks

inflammatory processes;

allergy;

genetics;

medications;

hypersensitive and poorly tanning skin;

poor nutrition;

phlebeurysm;

diseases associated with the cardiovascular system, liver, and pancreas;

endocrinological diseases (hypothesis, diabetes mellitus);

frequent stress and anxiety;

carcinoid syndrome;

rosacea (rosacea)  is a non - infectious inflammatory disease of the outer cover of the body that leads to edema, the formation of papules and pustules (chronic facial dermatosis);

acne, eczema, and other skin diseases.

Red cheeks in young children are the result of malnutrition or a reaction to breast milk if a nursing woman has eaten something allergenic. Sometimes redness and itching near the mouth indicate diathesis.

Diagnostics

To find out the causes of redness, you must sign up for a medical examination, do a skin test, take a scraping from the surface of the skin for examination under a microscope, and take a general and biochemical blood test. If you suspect an allergy, it will be necessary to pass allergy tests, and if an infection is detected, you will need serology and the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method.

During what diseases manifested

Redness of the skin can occur with hyperemia, vitamin deficiency, allergies, menopause, rosacea, dermatitis, rosacea, systemic lupus erythematosus, influenza, measles, scarlet fever, chickenpox, psoriasis, eczema, erysipelas, trichophytosis, and microsporidia. 

Which doctor to contact

If you notice frequent redness on your face, you need to contact a cosmetologist, dermatologist, allergist, cardiologist, endocrinologist, and venereologist.


Prevention and treatment

To avoid redness, you should adhere to such tips from medical specialists:

wash your face with warm water at least three times a day;

do not squeeze acne, conduct only delicate skin cleansing;

monitor the hygiene of the whole body;

Do not touch your face with dirty hands or objects;

avoid prolonged sun exposure and tanning;

Do not use active, cheap cosmetics, as well as products with alcohol;

wear clean clothes made from natural fabrics;

at an older age, use creams for your skin type with a moisturizing effect;

protect your face from the weather;

do a gentle facial massage;

refuse alcohol, cigarettes, drugs, coffee, spicy, fatty and sugary foods;

eat foods with vitamins C, A and E;

do not use drugs that provoke an increase in the allergic background;

timely treat skin diseases.

The treatment prescribed by professional doctors will familiarize you with your history.

With redness in a child, lotions can be made from decoctions of chamomile, St. John's wort, or plantain.

If you suspect diathesis, you need to make an appointment for a consultation and a physical examination to a doctor, who, if the diagnosis is confirmed, can prescribe Bepanten or Desitin ointments.