Major Depressive Disorder (Clinical Depression)

Published At: 26 November 2019 , 04:52 PM

Major depression known as unipolar or major depressive disorder (MDD), is characterized by a tenacious feeling of sadness or a lack of interest in outside stimuli. The unipolar indicates a difference between major depression and bipolar depression, which refers to an oscillating phase between depression and mania. Instead, unipolar depression is entirely focused on the ”lows,” or the negative sensations and symptoms that you may have encountered.

Luckily, major depression is well recognized in the medical community and is often easily treatable through a combination of medication and speak therapy. Below is a guide to everything from the symptoms and causes of major depression, to statistics and medication that you can seek from a medical professional if you feel that you require assistance.


You might be shocked to learn that many different kinds of major depressive disorder can affect you can make living your daily life hard. Each type often has many causes, but they typically require the same feeling of disinterest in movements that you once loved and an overall sensation of melancholy. These are split into subtypes called specifiers that determine how long the analysis of depression lasts and the defining characteristic of all type.

Seasonal affective disorder or SAD is classified as a disease directly produced by the time of the year. It happens most often in the winter months when sunlight is not as easily available. The National Institute of Mental health declares that SAD can be “effectively treated with light therapy, but nearly half of those with SAD do not grow better with light therapy alone.” Counseling and remedy is also recommended.

Psychotic depression often originates if you have been fantasizing or you believe in delusions that are not cohesive with fact. This can be created by a traumatic incident or if you have already had a form of depression in the past.

Postpartum depression is a common occurrence among new mothers experiencing hormonal changes following childbirth. The stress of building a new child and moves in and to your body can exceedingly affect your mood. 

Those with melancholic depression usually exhibit the most typical symptoms of depression including weight loss and reduced interest in activities they once loved. You might experience a depressed mood similar to missing someone you love or extreme grief. Atypical depression is often directly linked to your mood and your communications with others. Symptoms include hypersomnia, burden in the limbs, and social anxiety.

If you undergo from catatonic depression, you are most likely experiencing motor problems and behavioral problems. You might be immobilized or have involuntary actions. US National Library of Medicine National Institute of Health states that, it is a “Mental disorder exhibits notable risk to the patient’s well-being, as well as an additional barrier to treating the underlying disorder. The marks and symptoms of catatonia interfere severely with crucial activities of daily living.”

What are the symptoms of major depressive disorder?

Your doctor or a mental health professional can perform a MDD diagnosis based on your symptoms, reactions, and behavior patterns. They will ask you certain questions or give you a questionnaire so they can properly determine whether you have MDD.

To be diagnosed with MDD, you require to meet the symptom criteria noted in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM). This manual helps medical specialists diagnose mental health conditions. According to its criteria, you must have 5 or more of the following symptoms, and feel them at least once a day for more than 2 weeks:

You feel sad or irritable most of the day, nearly every day.

You are not interested in most activities you previously enjoyed.

You suddenly lose or gain weight or have a change in appetite.

You have trouble falling asleep or want to sleep more than usual.

You experience feelings of restlessness.

You feel unusually tired and have a lack of energy.

You feel useless or guilty, often about anything that wouldn’t normally make you feel that way.

You have difficulty concentrating, thinking, or making decisions.

You think about harming yourself or committing suicide.


There are various treatment methods for major depressive disorder. These methods include psychotherapy, electroconvulsive treatment (ECT), antidepressant medications, and other somatic therapies. However, ECT is usually avoided, except in extreme situations, in favor of both psychotherapy and antidepressants. A medical psychiatrist can give both psychotherapy services and prescribe antidepressants, which vary for each person based on personal needs.

If you find yourself feeling any of the symptoms or relating in any way to major depression disorder, you should seek help from a medical professional. Major depressive disorder has become enormously less stigmatized in recent years. There is lots of in-depth information available about depression, and your chosen medical professional is often likely to go through it with you so you can pick the best treatment for your lifestyle.

You should feel as though you have choices. You most likely will not have to be burdened by this disease and the negativity that often comes with signs of depression. Talking to a counselor and a medical professional is the first level to living a happier, more fulfilling life.