Muscle pain: Causes, symptoms and, diagnosis

Published At: 26 January 2020 , 03:59 PM

Muscle pain, or myalgia, is extremely common. Almost everyone felt muscle discomfort. Since muscle tissue found in nearly all parts of the body, this type of pain can be handled practically anywhere. Although most muscle pains resolve on their own in a short time, sometimes muscle pain can be delayed for a longer time.


Often people who have muscle pain can quickly determine the cause. This is because most cases of myalgia are the result of too much stress, tension, or physical activity. Among the common reasons:

muscle tension in one or more parts of the body

excessive muscle use during physical activity

injuring a muscle, continuing to engage in physically hard work or exercise;

Not all muscle pains are associated with stress, tension, and physical activity. Some medical explanations for myalgia include:


infections such as flu, polio, or bacterial infections;

autoimmune disorders such as lupus, dermatomyositis, and polymyositis;

the use of certain drugs or drugs, such as ACE inhibitors or cocaine;

thyroid problems such as hypothyroidism;

hypokalemia (low potassium);


To establish the correct diagnosis, your GP will perform a medical examination and ask about your muscle pains, such as:

When did it start? How long has this been going on?

Where exactly? Is it all over or only in a specific area?

Is it always in one place?

Other symptoms occur at the same time, like joint pain, fever, vomiting, weakness, malaise (general discomfort or weakness), or problems with the use of

affected muscles?

Have you taken any new drugs recently?

Diagnostic methods include:

general blood analysis;

other blood tests to look at muscle enzymes (creatine kinase);

test for Lyme disease or connective tissue disorder;

computed tomography of the whole body;

magnetic resonance imaging (MRI);

bone scan. Sometimes it’s difficult to distinguish between bone pain and muscle pain.

During what diseases manifested


When you undergo stress, the immune system can no longer control the reaction to inflammation. As a result, your body cannot fight infections or diseases on its own. This can cause pain in your body as it becomes more susceptible to inflammation and infection throughout the body.

Other symptoms of stress and anxiety include high blood pressure, hot flashes or cold sweats, hyperventilation, abnormal physical shaking, and headaches.


Water is an essential component of the reasonable and healthy functioning of your body. Without this, it cannot correctly perform many essential processes, including respiration and digestion. When these processes do not work correctly; as a result, you may feel physical pain.

Other symptoms of dehydration: dark urine, dizziness or disorientation, exhaustion, thirst.

Lack of sleep

Not having enough sleep can affect your overall health. You need a minimum of 6 to 8:00 sleep every night. The body and cells of your body need proper sleep to stay healthy. Without this, your body does not have time to rest and replenish the primary energies and processes. This can lead to pain.

Other symptoms of sleep deprivation: confusion or disorientation, fall asleep during the day without realizing it, misunderstanding while reading or listening to others, problems with remembering.

Cold or flu

Colds and flu are viral infections that cause inflammation. These infections attack your body, and the immune system tries to fight them. Swelling, especially in the throat, chest, and lungs, can be painful. Other bodies can also hurt, as your body works to fight the infection.


Anemia occurs when red blood cells are not functioning properly in the body, so body tissues cannot receive enough oxygen. With anemia, many parts of your body can be tired because they do not receive enough oxygen to stay healthy or function properly.

Other symptoms of anemia: exhaustion, dizziness or disorientation, headache or chest, cold legs or arms, pale skin.

Vitamin D Deficiency

Hypocalcemia or low blood calcium can occur if you do not have enough vitamin D in your body. Many important organs in your body, such as your kidneys and muscles, rely on calcium for proper function. Without enough vitamin D to help you absorb calcium, you can feel pain in these organs and bones.

Other symptoms include body cramps, muscle twitches or cramps, dizziness or confusion, numbness, cramps.


Pneumonia is a pulmonary infection that can affect the entire respiratory system, which is responsible for breathing, sweating, and other important functions. If you have breathing problems, the body cannot receive enough oxygen to keep red blood cells and tissues healthy. It can cause pain throughout the body.

Other symptoms: cough, chest pain, exhaustion, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, shortness of breath, hot flashes and sweats, fever.


Fibromyalgia is a condition where your entire body, including muscles and bones, can feel exhausted, sensitive. Fibromyalgia caused by uncertainty, but stress, physical trauma, surgery, and infections can cause it.

Other symptoms include sleep problems, sensitivity to light or sound, tingling sensation in the arms and legs.

Chronic fatigue syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a cause that makes you feel exhausted and weak, no matter how much you relax. This often leads to insomnia. Since your body does not feel rest, the syndrome can also cause pain in the muscles and joints throughout the body.

Other symptoms include trouble sleeping, sore throat, headaches, dizziness, or confusion.


Arthritis occurs when your joints become inflamed. This may be caused by:

the destruction of cartilage around the joints, as in osteoarthritis;

infection in the joint;

autoimmune conditions that destroy the substrate around the joints.

All of this can cause joint pain and restrict movement.


Lupus occurs when the immune system destroys the tissues of your body, including blood vessels, organs, and joints. Due to the damage and inflammation caused by this autoimmune condition, pain in the body is comprehensive.

Other symptoms of lupus are exhaustion, rash, fever, swelling or redness around the joints, cramps, sensitivity to sunlight.


Histoplasmosis is a fungal infection caused by airborne spores or droppings from bats or birds. Body pain is a common symptom of histoplasmosis.

Other symptoms include chills, fever, chest pain, headaches, and a severe cough.

Multiple sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis is considered an autoimmune condition. This is a state of the central nervous system in which tissue around nerve cells called myelin destroyed due to persistent inflammation. Damage interrupts the ability of the nervous system to transmit sensation properly. As a result, you may feel pain, tingling, or other abnormal sensations.

Other symptoms include weakness, exhaustion, blurred vision, temporary or permanent blindness, usually only in one eye, problems with walking.


Factors that can cause muscle pain:

Tumors that start in the muscle, such as some types of soft tissue sarcoma

Tumors, compress muscles;

A variety of cancer that causes the body to secrete too many white blood cells, such as certain types of leukemia.

Related symptoms: fatigue, weak muscles, depression, and dehydration.