Ocular Rosacea: Symptoms, causes and treatment

Published At: 30 December 2019 , 11:58 AM

Persistent redness of the skin with its transition to the eyes is called Ocular Rosacea. This ailment belongs to the group of skin diseases. However, it can adversely affect vision, as it causes the development of inflammatory eye diseases. Consider the causes, symptoms, and methods of treatment of Ocular Rosacea.

Rosacea is a chronic pathology of a dermatological nature. It is rare. About 10% of people suffer from it. In half of the patients, it appears in the eye area. In such cases, one speaks of an ophthalmologist, in which the conjunctiva, eyelids, cornea and other structures of the eyeball, as well as the skin around the eyes, are affected. The severe course of the disease observed in 6-18%. In approximately 20% of patients, ocular symptoms appear earlier than skin symptoms. However, in 50%, there is simultaneous damage to the skin and eyes.

This pathology is chronic. You can stop its symptoms with medications and other methods. 

But to eliminate the cause of the appearance of the disease is quite difficult. Ophthalmorosacea refers to diseases of unknown etiology.

Causes of ophthalmic frost

The actual causes of this pathology have not been identified. Most likely, it arises as a result of impaired vascular regulation, moreover, genetically determined. However, several favorable factors can lead to ophthalmic frost:

smoking;

alcohol abuse

frequent exposure to the skin of ultraviolet rays;

temperature differences;

Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.

In smokers, the state of the entire vascular system impaired. The capillaries of the skin are severely affected, which leads to loss of moisture and the development of dryness.

Ethyl alcohol promotes vasodilation. A single-use of it is not dangerous, but the systematic intake of alcoholic beverages adversely affects the capillaries of the skin. They exposed to temperature changes, which can cause rosacea.

Frequent exposure of the skin to ultraviolet radiation causes angiogenesis - the formation of new blood vessels. Because of this, the number of cells lining the inner surface of the lymphatic and blood vessels increases. It also increases the production of chemically active oxygen particles. All these factors lead to damage to the skin and can become a trigger in the occurrence of ophthalmosis.

Improper nutrition, the use of low-quality foods cause an increase in the acidic environment. There are problems with the elimination of waste. Studies show that these processes may be associated with the development of rosacea.

Symptoms of Ocular Rosacea

With Ocular Rosacea, symptoms appear on the skin and eyes. Ophthalmic signs include:

dry conjunctiva;

irritation;

hyperemia;

itching and burning;

eyelash loss;

foreign body sensation;

photophobia;

swelling of the eyelids;

white flakes on the eyelashes resembling dandruff;

oily scales along the edges of the eyelids;

Decreased vision.

Other ocular pathologies often accompany Ophthalmorosacea. Moreover, in some cases, it is a consequence of these diseases, and sometimes the cause. So, blepharitis diagnosed in 27% of patients. It is accompanied by:

secretion from a century of flow;

redness of the eyes;

puffiness;

the formation of barley and chalazion.

Corneal damage observed in 5-10% of patients with rosacea. We are talking about keratopathy, thinning of the stroma, vascularization of the cornea, ulcers, microbon keratitis. In 30% of patients with Ocular Rosacea, dry eye syndrome develops. This is due to tear fluid deficiency. Conjunctival lesions, episcleritis, scleritis, anterior uveitis, and other diseases also observed. Thus, Ocular Rosacea is a rather serious disease that can lead to severe consequences, including severe visual impairment.

Diagnostics

With ophthalmic frost, various eye structures can be affected. In this regard, several studies are required, with the help of which multiple departments of the eyeball studied. Among the main procedures:

examination of the eyelids and conjunctiva for vasodilation;

determination of visual acuity, which decreases with damage to the cornea;

test for the presence of dry eye syndrome;

slit-lamp biomicroscopy;

Fluorescence angiography, allowing a detailed examination of the vessels of the eye.

Since the disease is cutaneous, it is necessary to undergo examination by a dermatologist. You may need the help of a gastroenterologist if you suspect a gastrointestinal pathology.

Ophthalmorosacea Treatment

This disease treated with medications. However, great importance should be given to hygiene. With damage to the eyelids and dysfunction of the meibomian glands, warm compresses required. They are applied to the eyes one time per day for 10 minutes. Several times a day, you need to wash your eyelids and facial skin. For this, "Furacilin" is suitable. You must also wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water. You can not scratch, rub your eyes with your hands. Because of this, inflammation will intensify. Also, the risk of developing an infectious disease increases.

Ocular Rosacea treated with drops and ointments. They are the basis of therapy, as they can relieve inflammation and other symptoms of the disease, as well as prevent complications. Depending on the nature of the pathology, the following types of drugs prescribed:

anti-inflammatory, while corticosteroids are used only with a robust inflammatory process;

antibacterial;

Drops based on a natural tear.

In rare cases, the use of antibiotics required. They are necessary for the progressive course of the disease and the presence of a threat to vision. With ophthalmorose, drops are used in conjunction with ointments and gels. So, the former are considered more effective in conjunctivitis and keratitis, the latter in blepharitis.

Ophthalmorosis

This procedure practiced for inflammation of the eyelids. Massage improves blood circulation and secretion. Due to this, symptoms such as dryness, irritation, itching disappear. The procedure performed as follows:

wash your hands thoroughly and apply an antiseptic to them;

close your eyes and perform a circular massage of the eyelids;

pressure on the eyeballs should be weak until a slight tingling sensation;

Rinse your eyelids with warm water and an antiseptic solution.

1-2 procedures per day will help to cure the disease faster. If it proceeds in a severe form, physiotherapy prescribed.

Prevention

Relevant factors have been listed previously. If possible, they should be excluded, since ophthalmosis will periodically worsen. This is a chronic pathology that often recurs. To get sick less often, it recommended:

quit smoking and alcohol;

go in for sports and more often to be in the fresh air;