What are vitamins, and why are they needed?

Published At: 10 January 2020 , 06:35 PM

Often we feel tired, unwell, especially in the "transition period" when the seasons change. The body lacks vitamins and other beneficial substances and trace elements. What is necessary for good health and proper functioning of the body?

Vitamins and nutrients are necessary components for the proper functioning of the body. Man consists of many tiny bricks - cells. These cells have a specific structure, differ depending on the location and purpose.

Together, they form tissues, such as muscle, nervous. Tissues form organs and organ systems. Interacting with each other, with the help of complex biochemical reactions, form a complex structure - the human body. And now, just for the correct and long functioning of this complex biological structure, the entry of vitamins and nutrients from the outside is necessary.

What are vitamins and nutrients?

Vitamins - substances of an organic nature that come from outside or are synthesized in the body, participate in the construction of enzymes and hormones, which, in turn, play the role of regulators of various biochemical processes.

Useful substances include trace elements, essential amino acids, and other vital materials that enter the body every day with food.

Trace elements, like vitamins, are the basis of enzymes, specialized cells, hormones. Essential amino acids are vital building blocks. They contained in animal proteins.

What do we eat and what do we always drink to be healthy

It is essential not only to include vitamin-rich foods in the diet but also to its balanced nature. Briefly consider the main groups of vitamins and containing them in meals.

Vitamin A - is essential for vision, healthy skin, and hair. The richest in them are liver and fish oil.

B vitamins - participate in energy metabolism. They contained in cereals, cereals, meat, yeast.

Vitamin C - together with vitamins A and E prevent the appearance of free radicals. It is essential for connective tissue and the absorption of iron. Most vegetables rich in vitamin C are fresh fruits and vegetables.

Vitamin D - can be produced in the human body on its own, from cholesterol in the skin, under the influence of ultraviolet radiation.

Regulates the exchange of phosphorus and calcium. Egg yolk, cream, and butter are rich in this vitamin.

Vitamin E - reduces the risk of thrombosis, is essential for good skin condition and muscle development. It contained in vegetable oils, spinach, beets, cabbage.

Vitamin K - can form in a small amount in the intestine, with the help of microorganisms. An essential component of the coagulation system protects the liver and prostate gland from cancer. Most abundant in them are fresh green vegetables, cabbage, eggs.

Vitamin P is an antioxidant that also protects blood vessels from damage. The primary source is brightly colored vegetables and fruits, wine, green tea.

How to relate to multivitamin complexes, and who needs them

There are a wide variety of drugs that can satisfy the need for vitamins and nutrients for the day with just one tablet. Multivitamin complexes indicated for children, pregnant women, and long-term ill people. Also, for the prevention of vitamin deficiency, in the autumn-spring period to everyone else.

Thus, vitamins and beneficial substances can be obtained both from food products and using individually balanced multivitamin complexes.

Before buying and using the vitamin complex, you need to consult a doctor. Behind depression and fatigue, which regarded as vitamin deficiency, completely different problems may lie.